Though the Paget’s disease occurs worldwide but it is more common in Europe, Australia and New Zealand. That means if you belong to these regions, you need to take care of your bones. But that applies to all people in the world. Paget’s disease is a disorder that causes abnormal bone destruction and regrowth. This affects more than one bone.
In Paget’s disease, bone tissue is broken down and absorbed much faster than normal that causes the body speeds up the bone rebuilding process. However, this new bone is often weak and brittle and breaks easily. The exact cause of the disease is not known. It may be due to genetic factors or a viral infection early in life.
Most people with Paget’s disease have no symptoms. It is often diagnosed during an x-ray test or when trying to find the cause of high blood calcium levels. When the symptoms occur, they are usually:
- Bone pain, joint pain or stiffness. It may be worse at night and get better with exercise.
- Bowed legs and other visible deformities
- Enlarged head and skull deformities
- Hearing loss
- Reduced weight
- Warm skin over the affected bone
Though the exact causes of Paget’s disease may not know; however, there are certain risk factors that increases your risk of this disease that include:
- Age – people who are above 40 have the higher risk of developing Paget’s disease.
- Gender – Men are more likely to develop the disease than women.
- Origin – Paget’s disease of bone is more common in England, Scotland, central Europe and Greece. It’s rare in Scandinavia and Asia.
- Genetics – If any of your family members or close relatives has had Paget’s disease of bone, you’re more likely to develop this disease.
In most cases, the disease can be managed well. People with Paget’s disease can lead normal lives. However, possible complications may occur in people with this disease:
In Paget’s disease, bones are affected and that’s why they break easily. Extra blood vessels are credited in these deformed bones, so they blood more during surgeries.
Affected bones increase the pressure on nearby joints that may cause osteoarthritis.
Less possible complication that may occur in people with Paget’s disease is bone cancer.
Widespread Paget’s disease may cause excessive force on the heart to work harder to pump blood to the affected areas of your body. In people with pre-existing heart disease, the increased workload can lead to heart failure.
Most people don’t need treatment for Paget’s disease. However, people with possible complications may need to take medical treatment. Doctors recommend physical therapy to build the muscles and improving balance. Splints and braces are used to support weak bones and joints to help prevent them from breaking. Elderly people may advise walking with a cane or walker to prevent from falling and breaking a bone. Also, hip and knee joint surgery may require in case of damaged hip or knees.