Epilepsy is referred to the conditions where person’s nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing him the seizures. During a seizure, a person experiences the most abnormal behavior, symptoms and sensations, which include loss of consciousness and in some case, make a person to faint. Though in most cases it is found to be caused by the genetics from their family or it can also caused by an acquired brain injuries like a trauma or stroke. Epilepsy is usually treated by medications and in some cases by surgery, devices or dietary changes would help the person to manage the symptoms.
The episode of Seizures can mostly be tricky to manage and in most cases it takes other person to look after. There are many factors that can be linked to epilepsy and blamed to trigger such event and conditions. Such factors like low oxygen during birth, head injuries that occur during birth or from accidents during youth or adulthood, brain tumors. Even genetic conditions that result in brain injury, such as tuberous sclerosis, infections such as meningitis or encephalitis, stroke or any other type of damage to the brain and also abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar, can also be linked to cause seizures.
Regardless of the factors that cause it, it is essential to keep track of the symptoms of seizures in order to keep one off from any uncomfortable conditions. Though, every person can show different level of symptoms but following are some of common found list of symptoms that are categorized in terms of intensity:
The person experiencing such a seizure may cry out or make some sound, stiffen for several seconds to a minute and then have rhythmic movements of the arms and legs. Often the rhythmic movements slow before stopping. Eyes are generally open. And person may appear to not be breathing and actually turn blue. This might also be followed by a period of deep, noisy breathes and also loss of urine is common. And the most common one is concerned person would frequently be confused after a generalized seizure and return to consciousness is gradual and the person may be confused for quite some time, from minutes to hours. Though most of these symptoms are much easy to recognize and much needed to seek medical supervision if needed.
Out brain is divided in many parts and division and each one is assigned to do particular cognitive task and in case of seizure there is also some possibilities that can also caused in particular per of brain. In such cases symptoms like part of the brain controlling movement of the hand is involved, then only the hand may show rhythmic or jerky movements. Or other areas of the brain are involved, symptoms might include strange sensations like a full feeling in the stomach or small repetitive movements such as picking at one’s clothes or smacking of the lips can also be linked to cause seizures. In some cases the person with a partial seizure appears dazed or confused. This may represent a complex partial seizure. The term complex is used by doctors to describe a person who is between being fully alert and unconscious. These signs are enough for someone to seek proper treatment.
Absence or Petit Mal seizures:
Such kind of seizures happens with children age group and in such case it is best to seek medical assistance and care. Some of the common symptoms include Impairment of consciousness is present with the person often staring blankly or repetitive blinking or other small movements may be present. Frequently these seizures are brief, lasting only seconds. Some people may have many of these in a day.
Then what to do!
It is better to seek proper diagnosis and depending upon prognosis the doctor will then discuss with the patient or the patient’s family what the best treatment options are. If an underlying correctable brain condition was causing the seizures, sometimes surgery may stop them. And in case if epilepsy is diagnosed, the doctor will prescribe seizure-preventing drugs or anti-epileptic drugs.