The body basically stands on the structure of the bones. This is what supports and makes the body’s movement. All the movements of the body are because of the muscle and bone coordination. The strength of the bones is very necessary for a healthy lifestyle. All the pressure and whatever work you do in day’s time is due to the presence of the bones in your body. There are about two hundred and seven types of bones in the human body and each has its own specific use. Any kind of problem in the bone can cause a lot of inconvenience to us. The health of the bones is essential for leading a healthy lifestyle as well.
But there are certain kinds of bone-related disorders that can really trouble us a lot. One such bone related problem is of Osteogenesis Imperfecta. This is commonly known as a brittle bone disease which causes a defect in the production of a protein called collagen. Collagen is an important protein that helps to support the body. This is a very rare disorder which affects the connective tissue and characterized by extremely fragile bones that break or fractures very easily. The symptoms and the physicians associated with Osteogenesis Imperfecta vary from case to case. The austereness of this disease also differs vastly also among the individuals of the same family. It is also believed that Osteogenesis Imperfecta is also caused due to a genetic mutation in the gene that directs the body to produce collagen. This can either pass on from one generation to another and also due to spontaneous mutation in a child. In most of the cases, Osteogenesis Imperfecta is passed on from one generation to another.
There are certain signs and symptoms of this disease which are easily identifiable.
People who suffer from the problem of Osteogenesis Imperfecta include bone fragility, short stature, scoliosis, tooth defects, hearing deficits, bluish sclera, and loose ligaments. This diseases most common name is a brittle bone disease because the children who are diagnosed with this problem are found sustaining multiple broken bones. This problem is detected in the children at a very early age and in some cases, it is very difficult to detect the condition. Multiple fractures that occur due to low energy injuries should raise suspicion of an underlying condition of Osteogenesis Imperfecta.
There is not set cure to the problem of Osteogenesis Imperfecta. During the treatment of this disease, the main focus remains on the prevention of injuries to the bone and maintaining the health of the bone. Surgical treatment of Osteogenesis Imperfecta depends on the severity of this disease and the age of the patient. In young children, the method of treatment remains the same since there is no underlying condition. Apart from that is also ensured that the children who suffer from the problem of Osteogenesis Imperfecta get nutritious diet and also get regular exercise. Children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta will require ambulatory aids, braces and wheelchairs. In the recent studies, it has been observed that treatment done with bisphosphonates and calcium supplements. The rationale is that these treatments will strengthen the bone and decrease the frequency of fractures.